Description: 3617 radiocarbon dates associated with the process of arrival, development and consolidation of the first farming communities that settled between the north-western Mediterranean Arch and the High Rhine area approximately between 5900 and 2000 cal BC.

Background: compare with accompanying paper.

Original Purpose: Model human occupation and land use among early farmers.

Questions:

(a) Compare the evolution of the neolithic in two regions (Field "georegion") by plotting radiocarbon dates (Field "mean") geographically (Field "Lat_muni", "Lon_muni") every 200 years and according to archaeological culture (Field " CultI"). How intensive (spatially and chronologically) is the landscape settled? Which areas? (plains, hills, etc.) Are the differences in land use between cultures bigger than the differences between periods? Information on the landscape of the region can be found in the following paper.

(b) Observe the geographical and chronological spread of single species directly dated (Field "Genus/specie") by plotting them on a map (Field "Lat_muni", "Lon_muni") every 200 years (based on Field "mean"). If the data were representative of the spread and use of these species (which it is probably not the case), what could you say about how these species spread and in which areas (Field "georegion") and cultures (Field "CultI") where they most intensively used.

Contact: Maria Elena Castiello (maria.castielloiaw.unibe.ch)

Source: here

 

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